01.11.2021

„Only the con­sis­tent enfor­ce­ment of inter­na­tio­nal law at Europe’s bor­ders, safe and regu­lar pathways, a Euro­pean sea res­cue sys­tem and the soli­da­ry recep­ti­on of pro­tec­tion see­kers wit­hin the EU can end the suf­fe­ring and death at Europe’s bor­ders“, reads the appeal of PRO ASYL and Euro­pean part­ner orga­ni­sa­ti­ons to the future Ger­man government.

On the occa­si­on of the coali­ti­on talks on asyl­um and migra­ti­on star­ting today, PRO ASYL, Euro­pean Demo­cra­tic Lawy­ers, Cent­re for Peace Stu­dies (Zagreb), Euro­pean Cen­ter for Con­sti­tu­tio­nal and Human Rights, Refu­gee Sup­port Aege­an (Athen), the orga­ni­sa­ti­on Are you syrious? (Zagreb) and the Bor­der Vio­lence Moni­to­ring Net­work  (Leip­zig),  have expres­sed expec­ta­ti­ons of the future federal government and are cal­ling for a fresh start in Ger­man and Euro­pean asyl­um and migra­ti­on policies.

The deman­ds of the human rights orga­ni­sa­ti­ons inclu­de: A moni­to­ring mecha­nism to con­trol the com­pli­an­ce with human rights at Europe’s bor­ders must be estab­lis­hed; bor­der regimes such as in Poland, Croa­tia and Greece, which dis­re­gard inter­na­tio­nal law by exer­cis­ing push­backs, must not be sup­por­ted; Fron­tex ope­ra­ti­ons, in which human rights are vio­la­ted, must not be fur­ther finan­ced; access to asyl­um pro­ce­du­res must be gua­ran­te­ed, detenti­on and refu­gee camps as well as bor­der pro­ce­du­res, as pro­po­sed in the „New Pact on Migra­ti­on and Asyl­um“, must not be implemented.

Par­ties to imple­ment com­mit­ment to huma­ni­ta­ri­an responsibility

The under­si­gned orga­ni­sa­ti­ons call on the SPD, the Greens and the FDP to trans­la­te the com­mit­ments made in their explo­ra­to­ry paper  – on huma­ni­ta­ri­an respon­si­bi­li­ty, the Gene­va Refu­gee Con­ven­ti­on, the Euro­pean Con­ven­ti­on on Human Rights and against the deaths in the Medi­ter­ra­ne­an as well as the suf­fe­ring at Euro­pean bor­ders – into con­cre­te poli­ti­cal action.

The orga­ni­sa­ti­ons expect Social Demo­crats, Greens and Libe­rals to defend access to the right to asyl­um and the rule of law at Europe’s bor­ders. When human rights vio­la­ti­ons such as push-backs are reve­a­led, all finan­cial, logisti­cal or per­son­nel sup­port for the bor­der guards must cea­se and the action must be publicly con­dem­ned. This must also app­ly to Germany’s par­ti­ci­pa­ti­on in the Euro­pean Bor­der and Coast Guard Agen­cy Frontex.

Ger­ma­ny must push for human rights in the EU

Ger­ma­ny plays an important role in the EU and must in future push for human rights to be respec­ted, for vio­la­ti­ons to be iden­ti­fied through effec­ti­ve moni­to­ring and for human rights vio­la­ti­ons to be sanctioned.

In the appeal the orga­ni­sa­ti­ons demand from the future federal government:

  • Defend the right to asyl­um in Euro­pe: access to the asyl­um pro­ce­du­re, access to the legal sys­tem and huma­ne accom­mo­da­ti­on. No to a Euro­pe of detenti­on, refu­gee camps and bor­der procedures!
  • Defend human digni­ty, the rule of law and human rights – the very values on which the Euro­pean Uni­on (EU- Trea­ty Arti­cle 2) is based.
  • The initia­ti­on of infrin­ge­ment pro­ce­du­res against Poland, Croa­tia and Greece by the Euro­pean Com­mis­si­on. We also call on the EU to inclu­de human rights vio­la­ti­ons by Mem­ber Sta­tes in the field of asyl­um and migra­ti­on when initia­ting rule of law pro­ce­du­res in case of serious vio­la­ti­ons of the values men­tio­ned in Arti­cle 2 EU-Treaty.
  • The estab­lish­ment of an inde­pen­dent, trans­pa­rent and effec­ti­ve human rights moni­to­ring mecha­nism that allows for unan­noun­ced visits to bor­ders and the pro­se­cu­ti­on of per­pe­tra­tors. Human rights moni­tors must have a man­da­te to secu­re evi­dence.  The aim must be that this well-fun­ded and well-staf­fed insti­tu­ti­on pre­vents human rights vio­la­ti­ons in the future.
  • The end of any sup­port for the bor­der regime in Poland, Croa­tia, Greece and other sta­tes that vio­la­te inter­na­tio­nal law at their borders.
  • Firm reac­tions to human rights vio­la­ti­ons in Fron­tex ope­ra­ti­ons: Sus­pen­si­on of fun­ding and deploy­ment of EU bor­der guards in coun­tries that vio­la­te inter­na­tio­nal human rights standards.
  • A civi­li­an EU sea res­cue pro­gram to pre­vent deaths in the Medi­ter­ra­ne­an. Boat refu­gees must be gran­ted huma­ne recep­ti­on and access to a fair asyl­um pro­ce­du­re after lan­ding in a safe Euro­pean port. Safe and regu­lar pathways to Euro­pe must be created.
  • The coope­ra­ti­on with the „Liby­an Coast Guard“ and the asso­cia­ted ongo­ing bre­ach of inter­na­tio­nal law in the Medi­ter­ra­ne­an must be stop­ped immediately.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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